The AA12 Shotgun

One does not often think of shotguns as viable combat weapons and in the law enforcement arena, shotguns have lost traction in favor of the patrol carbine. The destructive power of the 12 gauge shotgun is not disputed; the real issues with the changeover had more to do with the patrol carbine being more versatile with its ability to penetrate body armor and reduce collateral damage from stray pellets. In the military arena, the shotgun still has its place but it’s rather limited. The standard….

The 6.5×40 Cartridge: Longer Reach for the M4 & M16

Feedback from Afghanistan was clear – much small-arms combat was taking place at far greater distances than expected, a lot more than the U.S. Army’s standard carbine and light machine gun were designed for. The Army was being outgunned, and had to rush older, more powerful weapons to the dismounted troops. These did the job, at the cost of significantly greater weight and recoil. Mitch Shoffner has come up with a different solution – the 6.5×40, a new cartridge designed to fit….

Revision Military Batlskin Cobra Helmet

While military or law enforcement budgets often fixate on high end equipment procurement, it is the unspoken rule that trained personnel are the real commodity in any organization. There are multiple companies involved in producing ballistic protection systems. This business competition has not only spurred R&D, but also lowered the cost making it available to a wider range of clients besides the military; such as law enforcement, private security, and individual citizens. A leading ballistic protection….

The DS Arms FAL

With the creation of NATO, several programs were put into place for militaries of these nations to have some sort of compatibility. One part of that would be standardization of small arms ammunition. Throughout the NATO countries numerous calibers and different types of weapons were being used. The United States had great influence in the NATO ammunition trials, or it could be better said, they drove it. Even after World War II and the success of the StG44 Sturmgewehr or assault rifle, NATO countries….

IWI Negev NG7 Cal. 7.62 NATO

The NG7 is a light machine gun (LMG) operated by a gas system called “gas impact.” The firearm starts the shooting cycle with the open bolt to avoid cook-off after prolonged fire. When the trigger is pulled the bolt, that is locked in a full rear position, is released and starts to go forward pushed by two compressed recoil springs. During its travel a cartridge is taken from the belt, chambered and the bolt, thanks to its locking lugs, engages the corresponding lugs in the barrel extension and locks. The bolt carrier, in this phase, keeps going forward….

Cheytac Thor Anti-Materiel Rifle

In order to understand the .408 Cheytac anti-materiel rifles, it’s important to start with the cartridges. The .408 cartridge was originally produced by two different companies – Tactical High Energy Impact Solutions (THEIS) and Lost River Ballistics Technology – both defunct as of this date. The parent cartridge was a .505 Gibbs; developed in the early 1900s (1911?) as a dangerous game cartridge originally firing a 525 grain bullet at 2,300 feet per second for 6,180 foot-pounds of muzzle energy. Very effective on anything that walked….

AIM HuntIR

Maneuvering with pinpoint accuracy and efficiency at night as well as in daytime requires situational awareness, target classification and target identification capability. Cooled thermal imagers provide superior range performance and large field of view at night and in adverse weather conditions, with a compact design and sensitive detectors with high resolution together with large depth of focus. As part of the Soldier Modernization Program IdZ, the Federal Armed Forces of Germany implemented a cooled thermal sight for infantry weapons….

Sirarms SIR40-24: The First All-Italian Experimental Sniper Platform

The corporate symbol for Sirarms rifles is the halberd; a two-handed pole weapon (5 to 6 feet long) that consists of an axe blade topped with a spike mounted on a long shaft with a hook on the back side of the axe for grappling mounted combatants. For over two centuries, the halberd was one of the most valuable tools of war in use among soldiers, a weapon that allowed them to be able to withstand cavalry charges, unseat the attackers and counter attack. The emotional appeal to its effectiveness in the field therefore makes the brand mark….

The SIG Sauer MK25 Pistol

In the early 1980s a requirement came down from the U.S. Army for a new pistol that would replace the legendary but well aged M1911 pistol. With the new NATO standardization, the new pistol would be chambered in the 9x19mm NATO cartridge: hence the beginning of the XM9 program. This would be entered by several manufacturers including Smith & Wesson, Colt, FN, H&K, Star, Beretta and SIG Sauer. After the testing was done and the reports were in, there were only two left standing: the Beretta 92F and the SIG Sauer P226….

Corner Shot

In the movies, the scary music always gets louder just before they go around the blind corner.  For operators, worrying about what is waiting around the corner can be the worst.  The Corner Shot CSM is the tool that takes that worry away, and makes the bad guys worry about what’s coming around the corner for them….

The 300 AAC Blackout

Over the last several years many new calibers have been introduced to the AR-type platform; from the .204 Ruger, 6.8mm Rem SPC, 6.5 Grendel, 7.62x39mm, 5.45x39mm, 5.7mm, .450 Bushmaster, .458 SOCOM, .50 Beauwolf and .499 LWR. These are just for the AR-15 platform; there is a whole other array to the AR-10. Of all those mentioned, the only one who has really done well is the 6.8mm Rem SPC. There are several manufacturers of rifles as well as ammunition. As of this writing this author could not find any ammunition….

The SIG 716

At SHOT Show 2010, SIG showed their new Model 516 and 716 rifles to the industry. The 516, a short stroke tappet version of the M4 was released to compete in the military and law enforcement markets both world wide as well as the U.S. With the direct gas versus piston operated controversy, SIG decided everyone is making a direct gas gun, why not then make a high quality piston operated rifle to satisfy those who have the piston bug. The 5.56mm SIG 516 is an M4 carbine with the only major differences being….

The K14 Sniper Rifle

In December of 2012, the Korean company S&T Motive received a contract with South Korean DAPA (Defense Acquisition and Purchase Agency; an agency who performs all government defense purchasing) to supply 3.2 billion won (close to 3 million USD) worth of K14 sniper rifles with all optics and accessories, including training ammunition. These are for the Korean Army for delivery during 2013. This is the first time the ROK (Republic of Korea) Army has purchased a large number of sniper rifles, and the K14….

AK-47 The Grim Reaper: Second Editon – Review

The first edition was published in 2008 and takes the reader through the development of the assault rifle, manufacturers in Russia, detailed looks at the 1st-3rd generation AK-47 rifles, AKM update, AK-74 family of weapons, AK-100 series, other Kalashnikov designs, Warsaw Pact countries manufacturing AK-type rifles, AK-derivatives, AK comes to America, made in USA AK-47 rifles, magazine and ammunition variations. The second edition greatly enhances the reader’s knowledge by the addition of many detailed photographs of various models, additional information and updated information of the current status of this family of weapons….

Barrett MRAD .338 Lapua

Barrett Firearms Manufacturing, based in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, was founded in 1982 and was centered on Ronnie Barrett’s idea of a shoulder-fired .50 BMG rifle.  Many…

MK23 Mod 0: The Crew-Served Pistol

The Global War on Terrorism has put to the test many new weapon systems adopted in the post Cold War period. Many of those weapons and tactics had never really been tested in a real combat environment. They worked well in the lab and in testing but never really saw combat until the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Small arms were no exception; in fact they would be the first to be put on trial….

Galil Ace 5.56

The Galil, the first IDF assault rifle, has been completely redesigned by IWI engineers developing a version that incorporates a fair number of improvements concerning ergonomics and materials, giving to this military classic a new operative life. When Ysrael Galil and Ya’akov Lior designed the Galil they were solving an emergency. During 1973, Israelis were equipped with the Belgian FAL in two versions: the “Aleph” model as individual weapon and the “Beth” model…

Functioning of the Soviet PSS Pistol with SP4 Captive Piston Ammunition

For a compact assassination pistol, the Soviet PSS with its companion SP4 silent ammunition is a hard combination to beat. While the PSS resembles a somewhat large conventional blowback pistol, it is definitely unique. The weapon is 6.7 inches long and weighs 30 ounces. Its size is comparable to a SIG P226 pistol, but the specialized ammunition delivers a close range lethal projectile with almost no sound signature….

Testing & Evaluating the EF88 Assault Rifle

It was clear that the EF88 is significantly better than its predecessors, and exhibits all of the traits of a competitive modern assault rifle.  Within its niche as an advanced bullpup rifle, it has little competition – perhaps only from the IMI Tavor series – and exceeds the standards provided by Defence under Land 125.  Thales Australia have managed to correct some of the weaknesses of the F88SA2 (poor cheek weld, excessive weight….

Torture Test: U.S. Ordnance MAG-58/M240

The famous MAG-58 General Purpose Machine Gun has its roots in John Browning’s 1918 Browning Automatic Rifle: the BAR. FN Herstal’s relationship with Browning is well-known and it’s no surprise that the excellent BAR operating system would evolve in their hands. The FN Model D BAR added features such as a quick-change barrel, but the core operating system was alive and well throughout the evolution. Put simply….

Armalite’s AR-10A

At the 2012 SHOT Show, ArmaLite introduced their new and long anticipated AR-10A family of rifles. This is an AR-10 that uses the standard magazine rather than the proprietary M14 based magazine that the ArmaLite AR-10B rifles have used since their introduction in 1995. To trace the history a little, the ArmaLite AR-10B series was introduced to the commercial market in 1995, which was one year after the infliction of the 1994 assault weapon ban that prohibited production of magazines that held more than 10 rounds for commercial purposes. Former U.S. Army Ordnance officer and President of ArmaLite Mark Westrom had a dilemma on his hands while….

Croatian VHS

Choosing the name of the most popular home video cassette system for your nation’s rifle might not have been intentional, but that’s the association that the Višenamjenska Hrvatska Strojnica (multipurpose Croatian automatic weapon) would not be able to shake off easily. Anyone who knows anything about weapons would also recognize the source of the stylistic inspiration – the French FA MAS F1 “Bugle,” an icon of the 1980s on par with the Phillips video cassette recorder system called the Video Home System….

A Fist Full of Firepower: The Rock Island Armory .22TCM

The familiar look, feel and function of the legendary 1911 pistol designed over 100 years ago are alive in this new offering from Rock Island Armory.  For those who are followers or even “fans” of this beloved design, simply holding one brings a smile to their face.  For this latest incarnation, the .22TCM by Armscor, everything remains the same – until it is fired for the first time.  At that single point of contact between firing pin and primer, the interest of all surrounding shooters is evident. This is not so much about a new 1911 family pistol, as it is a new cartridge with a….

Big Bore, Small Noise: VKS Large Caliber Silenced Sniper Rifle

Left side of the VKS rifle less scope, with iron sights raised. Over the last several decades, counter-terrorism operations became very important for most ‘civilized…

FN 303 Less Lethal Launcher

To appreciate the complexity of situations where police or military forces charged with peacekeeping duties utilize force, one must conceptualize force not as a static concept but rather as a continuum of responses, ranging from verbal commands, as a minor exertion of force, to deadly force, the maximum amount of force possible to apply. A use-of-force continuum relies on the concept of multiple categories of increasing officer perceptions of suspect resistance linked to similar groupings of the officer’s response to those perceptions….

SIG Sauer 716 Patrol: 7.62x51mm Piston-Driven AR

For a rifle to be considered versatile it must be able to satisfy multiple roles with equal aplomb. A viable rifle candidate for this title is the SIG Sauer 716 Patrol chambered in .308Win/7.62x51mm. The SIG 716 Patrol joins the growing number of AR style platforms chambered in .308Win/7.62x51mm. .308Win/7.62x51mm potency in terms of ballistics and terminal effect makes it a favorite among U.S. troops and law enforcement personnel in more rural environments. A quick look at the resurrection of the M14 and…

B&T Advanced Police Carbine

The B&T Advanced Police Carbine 9 (APC9) is a rather nice blend of existing, proven design and some truly unique engineering. It is a clever and well thought out balance between time proven features, high tech production materials and manufacturing procedures to keep costs to a minimum. It is a statement to the excellence of Swiss engineering and innovation. The APC, not unlike the Glock pistol, was designed from the very beginning to be produced…

The Modular LMT MRP: The Rifle for Anything

For the last 15 or so years, the AR-10 has seen a rebirth from the dust on the floor of the former Ordnance Corps. With the lack of vision and judgment which would eventually be their demise and have their doors shut forever by Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara “Tomorrows Rifle Today” wound up being “Today’s Rifle Yesterday!” It would be Gene Stoner who would resurrect the AR-10 from the dead with the assistance of C. Reed Knight, Jr. With the introduction of the SR-25 sniper rifle the industry would experience a shift in what a sniper rifle really was….

The 3rd Generation: From the vz. 61 Skorpion Submachine Gun to the CZ Scorpion EVO 3 A1

The Czech arms industry made a great impact in 20th century weaponry history with a large range of remarkable products. Probably the most original of them all was a “special submachine gun” named the Skorpion, a successful effort for covering the gap between service pistols and traditional submachine guns chambered in pistol cartridges. The Skorpion, in its initial, less powerful caliber, i.e. 7.65mm Browning (.32 Auto), has not met modern security unit’s requirements for some years, much less that of the armed forces; nevertheless….

Beretta’s ARX160SF: Evolution & Modularity

Afghanistan, November 13, 2011: A gang of armed Taliban terrorists hold 18 hostages in the Kabul offices of Esko International, a North American company specializing in food distribution. Task Force 45, the intervention unit of the Italian Armed Forces composed of elements taken from Italian Special Forces units; storm the building in a well coordinated, multidirectional, simultaneous attack. The raid of TF45 ends with the liberation of all the 18 hostages and the total elimination of all the terrorists winning attention and praise from the international Special Forces community for the perfect way they executed their mission….

Armalite’s Super SASS

Early in the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq it was clear by the entire sniping community there was a need for a new updated sniper rifle.  Modern semiautomatic rifles show little to no accuracy degradation from the traditional bolt action rifles used throughout the last century.  The use of a semiautomatic sniper system not only would provide the snipers with their existing capabilities but so much more.  Snipers could engage five targets in at least half the time it would take a sniper with a bolt action rifle.  Also, the snipers ability to engage multi-targets is vastly increased….

IWI X95: A Bullpup For IDF Special Forces

A direct derivation from the TAR-21 Tavor bullpup rifle, adopted in 2003 by the Israel Defence Forces, we are going to introduce to SADJ readers the version designed for the Sayeret (Special Forces) units, a shorter and more modular rifle that, in case of need, can be converted into a SMG. The TAR-21 project in Ramat Hasharon was started in 1995 when the Israeli company name was still IMI (Israel Military Industries)….

Old Name, New Gun: The CZ 805 Bren Modular Rifle

The end of the first decade of the new millennium saw Czechs and Slovaks as the Last of Mohicans in the Unified Europe: the only country with its own creative rifle possibility to use 7.62mm caliber for the main battle long arm.  The Sa-58 (Samopal vzor 58) rifle, the mainstay of the Czechoslovakian People’s Army (Ceskoslovenska lidova armada, the CSLA) has been in use since the early 1960s, when Czechoslovakia became the only Warsaw Pact country not to introduce a clone of Kalashnikov’s AK/AKM series….

Chinese CS06 SMG and LS06 Suppressor

Chinese submachine gun technology has come a long way in the past 50 years. From the days of chop-shop PPSh-41 variants through the copies of Thompson submachine guns and M3 Greaseguns, a very efficient and high-technology infrastructure has evolved. Westerners may not be quick to understand the devotion the Chinese have to developing the manufacturing base in their defense industry….

Quicksand: Gemtech’s 7.62 NATO Lightweight Quick-Detach Sound Suppressor

The new Gemtech Quicksand sound suppressor, now available for purchase, is used on 7.62 NATO rifles and utilizes a patented quick mount system.  It can be fastened securely in only two seconds and at only 17.5 ounces in weight it is the lightest quick-detach .308 suppressor available….

The Armalite AR-10T

The reintroduction of the AR-10/SR-25 in the early 1990s re-revolutionized the use of semiautomatic rifles as sniper/tactical rifles. The direct gas system combined with the eight-lug rotating bolt and a free floating barrel made this system sub-MOA with little difficulty or maintenance. Although the AR-10 was discarded nearly 50 years ago by a biased and self serving….

Sharpshooter: The UK’s New L129A1 7.62x51mm Rifle

A soldier from the 1st Battalion the Scots Guards looking through the scope of his Sharpshooter rifle. Members of B Company, the 1st Battalion The…

Armalite SPR Mod 1 (with High Speed Magpul Enhancements)

The SPR Mod 1 being put through its paces by Monroe County Sheriff’s Department Deputy Steve Worden. The ArmaLite rifle is equipped with the Trijicon…

Bushmaster ACR Adaptive Combat Weapon System

The sample rifle was extremely accurate with Silver State Armory 69grain OTM ammunition. Groups hovered between 1” to 1.5” @ 100 yards. At the 2007…

UKM-2000: The Polish Successor to the PKM

A machinegunner of the Polish 16th Air Assault Battalion preparing to open fire at the Wedrzyn Training Ground pop-up target range. Note the obvious outer…

FN SCAR 47GL / MK 17

The 40mm grenade launcher has seemingly become ubiquitous in the catalog of modern rifle manufacturers.  It seems that no catalog is complete without a 40mm…

Daewoo K11 Advanced Combat Rifle: The Future Has Arrived

Daewoo Precision, maker of the USAS12 combat shotgun, K1 and K2 battle rifles, and the K3 LMG, has manufactured well designed and robust weapon systems. …

The Caracal Pistol: A New Animal for the Firearms Professional

When Small Arms Defense Journal was contacted to see if we were interested in testing the initial batch of Caracal pistols imported into the United…

Knight’s Armament M110: The New Breed of Sniper Rifle

Over the last 15 or so years, the sniper rifle in both concept and rifle has changed.  It was not until the Vietnam War where…

Enter the REPR: LWRC Enters the Precision .308 Market

The industry has seen much change over the last 10 to 15 years in caliber as well as weapon revivals. In the mid 1950s the…

LMT’s Monolithic Rail Platform

At SHOT Show 2004, a new black rifle was introduced that was not just a copy of the standard design that most of the industry…

Brugger & Thomet’s MP9 in 6.5×25 CBJ

The phone call from Carl Bertil Johansson in early summer 2009 came out of the blue.  The founder of the Swedish company CBJ Tech had…

Blyskawica: Poland’s First Successful SMG Design

The Blyskawica (‘Lightning’, pronounced bwiskavitsa, with ‘wi’ to be read like in ‘wisdom’) was designed and manufactured fully clandestine, for the Home Army (Armia Krajowa,…

Ruger’s SR-556

At the NRA Show in early 2009, Ruger introduced a new member to their semiautomatic rifle line: the SR-556 – Ruger’s Black Rifle.  When they…

The Fraser-Volpe Mars Weapon Sight: A New Roman God of War

A relatively new product on the U.S. market, the Multi-Purpose Aiming Reflex Sight (MARS) has been on the international market for several years, and is reportedly…

The Soviet Model PB Silenced Pistol

The Makarov PB suppressed pistol with the secondary suppressor removed. This was easily concealed, and the secondary suppressor could be attached literally in seconds. The…

Russian Underwater Guns

Dr. Philip H. Dater takes aim with the SSP-1M 4-barrel underwater pistol. The sound signature was recorded as 160.1 dB average in open air. (Dan…

From the Mean Streets: Maljutka

The strategic placement of elements on the battlefield has been the subject of millions of words, from many sources, both experienced and those who are…

Brugger & Thomet’s Swiss 40mm Grenade Launcher

Switzerland is well known for its exquisite time pieces, fine chocolate, and its highly professional banking practices.  The firearms manufactured by the Swiss are of…

Doublestar’s 1911 Combat Pistol

There are few people intimately involved with the gun industry who have not had a favorite 1911 or two.  Testing the latest .45 ACP offering…

Italy’s Next Generation Rifle: The ARX 160

The authors were invited to attend the presentation ceremony of the new Beretta ARX 160 Assault Rifle from the world’s oldest firearm manufacturer still in…

Steyr SSG 08: Successor to the Austrian Success Story

Right side view of the Steyr SSG 08 with Heavy Barrel-type of barrel. The SSG 08 is a new marksman bolt-action rifle intended to replace…

The Colt LMG

Canadian made LSW in the hands of Danish soldiers in Iraq. Notice the Elcan scope and Canadian designed and manufactured polymer magazine. The Danish soldier…

The U.S. Ordnance M2HB .50 BMG Machine Gun

U.S. Ordnance M2HB shown with a U.S. Ordnance Mk93 cradle, Vinghøg AS Vingfoot Combi Lightweight Tripod, B.E. Meyers Flash Suppressor, and US Ordnance improved sighting…

The Elusive Vintorez 9×39 Sniper Rifle

The Soviet Union and its current iteration, Russia, have long been known for innovative weapon development; only some of which has seen the light of…

Beyond Quiet: The Russian PSS Captive Piston Pistol

An armorer test fires the PSS silent pistol. (Photo by Dan Shea) Little is known in the Western world of the Soviet silent pistols utilizing…

Beryl Tantalsson: The Saga of the Polish Kalashnikov Continues

The 5.56mm wz.96 Beryl assault rifle in its original form – still with shrink tubes on the stock tubes, standard bipod, old type muzzle device…

The LWRC Piston-Operated Carbine

Rochester Police Department Emergency Task Force Operator Henry Favor test fires the LWRC M6A1 rifle. The rifle is equipped with the Magpul CTR Stock, MIAD…

POF-USA’s P-308: a Powerhouse in a PDF-size Package

Chambering the Black Rifle in .308 Win. (7.62x51mm NATO) is anything but a new idea.  From the early ArmaLites to the current selection of workhorse…

An Insight Into Tactical Flashlights, Laser Sights and Aiming Modules: The High Speed Products of Insight Tech Gear

The face view of the M6X Tactical Illuminator. Shown is the illumination light with the laser off to the side. Throughout the years, flashlights were…

Gemtech’s 9mm Tundra Suppressor

Weighing in at only 7.2 ounces including the recoil device and with a diameter of only 1.25 inches, the Gemtech Tundra more resembles a rimfire…

The U.S. Ordnance MK43 Mod 1 Machine Gun

What’s not to like about a real machine gun that’s significantly lighter than a chunky M240, about the same size as a puny SAW, pumps out powerful 7.62mm rounds with reliability and accuracy, and has long been a force multiplier in elite Navy SEAL Teams? GIs who’ve tried ‘em love ‘em, they’re comparable in price to buy and sustain as the FN guns, they’ve been in the logistics and combat doctrine chains for ever, and they’re 100 percent American designed and built. Slam dunk? Sorry….

The Masada Adaptive Combat Weapons System

Over the past 10 years the industry has seen several new weapon systems emerge with the older piston technology making a comeback.  Due to the campaign of certain manufacturing firms, the consensus is that the older retro piston operating system is superior to the current direct gas system of the current issue M16 and M4 weapon systems.  While no statistical data has come forth to support the claim, several manufacturers are coming out with piston operated 5.56mm weapon systems including Colt, POF, Heckler & Koch, LWRC and, now, Magpul Military Industries….

Honestas Gemini Target System

The sniper and spotter have been lying in their concealed position for hours observing the handful of windows and doors. Luckily they were shaded from the heat by the hide chosen in the rear corner of the room looking thru a hole in the wall caused by earlier combat in the area. Intelligence had indicated that the insurgent commander was in the area and likely using the observed structure as a safe house. The team had inserted by dropping off the back of a patrol sweeping thru the area. Range was not going to be a problem as the spotter and sniper had….